In the 21st century there is ever growing attention to the issues related to democracy and good governance around the world. This results from the increasing acceptance of the fact that democracy and good governance are not luxury, but a fundamental requirement to sustainable development. Legislature as one of the key institutions in a democratic system has a critical role to play in promoting fair governance. As the democratically elected representatives of the people parliamentarians have an honorable task to ensure government is by the people and for the people. By performing the key functions of legislation, representation and oversight the legislature should actively engage in the development and implementation of laws, policies and projects promoting democratic principles of governance.
The legislature, or parliament, plays an important role in the life of a nation. It thus performs three main functions: adopts new laws, amends the existing laws and oversees the activities of the executive to ensure the government is accountable to the people. Achieving of good governance requires existence of an active, strong and efficient legislature. The parliament plays a crucial role in gauging, collating and presenting the views and needs of the people articulating their expectations and aspirations in determining the national development agenda. As an oversight body the legislature helps to identify problems and policy challenges that requires attention and assists in overcoming bureaucratic inertia.